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Denotation vs. Connotation

African

[af-ri-kuh n] /ˈæf rɪ kən/
adjective
1.
Also, Africa. of or from Africa; belonging to the black peoples of Africa.
noun
2.
a native or inhabitant of Africa.
3.
(loosely) a black or other person of African ancestry.
Origin of African
< Latin Āfricānus, equivalent to Āfric(us) Afric + -ānus -an; compare Middle English Aufrican, Old English Africanas (nominative plural)
Related forms
Africanness, noun
inter-African, adjective
non-African, adjective, noun
proAfrican, adjective, noun
pseudo-African, adjective, noun
trans-African, adjective
Can be confused
Africans, Afrikaans.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for African
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • After the extirpation of the Indians, the labor of African slaves was introduced.

  • Only three things could here interest these seasoned African travellers.

    The Leopard Woman Stewart Edward White
  • We touched at two or three places on the African coast, and he had some communication with the Moors.

    The Cruise of the Frolic W.H.G. Kingston
  • African animals are subject to these strange, blind panics, especially at night.

    The Leopard Woman Stewart Edward White
  • I had heard the click of the garden gate, and now the majestic figure of the great African explorer appeared upon the path.

British Dictionary definitions for African

African

/ˈæfrɪkən/
adjective
1.
denoting or relating to Africa or any of its peoples, languages, nations, etc
noun
2.
a native, inhabitant, or citizen of any of the countries of Africa
3.
a member or descendant of any of the peoples of Africa, esp a Black person
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for African
n.

Old English Africanas (plural), from Latin Africanus (adj.), from Africa (see Africa). Used of white residents of Africa from 1815; of black residents of the U.S. from 1790. As an adjective, by 1560s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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