[af-ter-math, ahf-]
something that results or follows from an event, especially one of a disastrous or unfortunate nature; consequence: the aftermath of war; the aftermath of the flood.
a new growth of grass following one or more mowings, which may be grazed, mowed, or plowed under.

1515–25; after + math a mowing, Old English mǣth; cognate with Old High German mād (German Mahd); akin to mow1

1. outcome, result, upshot. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
aftermath (ˈɑːftəˌmɑːθ, -ˌmæθ)
1.  signs or results of an event or occurrence considered collectively, esp of a catastrophe or disaster: the aftermath of war
2.  agriculture a second mowing or crop of grass from land that has already yielded one crop earlier in the same year
[C16: after + math a mowing, from Old English mæth]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1520s, originally a second crop of grass grown after the first had been harvested, from after + -math, a dialectal word, from O.E. mæð "mowing," from P.Gmc. *mæthan. Figurative sense is from mid-17c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Let's look again at the aftermath of the financial crisis.
The aftermath of housing bubbles also tends to be unhappy.
Search for old comrades and post tales and thoughts about that fateful day and
  its aftermath.
Maps and on-the-ground views reveal the aftermath and its extent.
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