the science of soil management and the production of field crops.
Also, agronomics [ag-ruh-nom-iks] .

1805–15; agro- + -nomy

agronomic, agronomical, adjective
agronomically, adverb
agronomist, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
agronomy (əˈɡrɒnəmɪ)
the science of cultivation of land, soil management, and crop production

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

"science of land management for crop production," 1814, from Fr. agronomie, from Gk. agronomos "rural," from agros "field" (see acre) + -nomos "law or custom, administering," related to nemein "manage" (see numismatics). Related: Agronomist.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
agronomy   (ə-grŏn'ə-mē)  Pronunciation Key 
The scientific study of soil management and crop production, including irrigation and the use of herbicides, pesticides, and fertilizers.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Traditional agronomy transfers genes between plants whose kinship lets them interbreed.
The agronomy may be a necessary part of the explanation but it's far from sufficient.
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