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Ahasuerus

[uh-haz-yoo-eer-uh s, uh-has-, uh-hazh-oo-; Sephardic Hebrew ah-khahsh-ve-rawsh; Ashkenazic Hebrew ah-khuh sh-vey-ruh sh] /əˌhæz yuˈɪər əs, əˌhæs-, əˌhæʒ u-; Sephardic Hebrew ɑˌxɑʃ vɛˈrɔʃ; Ashkenazic Hebrew ˌɑ xəʃˈveɪ rəʃ/
noun
1.
a king of ancient Persia, known to the Greeks as Xerxes: husband of the Biblical Esther.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Ahasuerus

Ahasuerus

/əˌhæzjuːˈɪərəs/
noun
1.
(Old Testament) a king of ancient Persia and husband of Esther, generally identified with Xerxes
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Ahasuerus in the Bible

There are three kings designated by this name in Scripture. (1.) The father of Darius the Mede, mentioned in Dan. 9:1. This was probably the Cyaxares I. known by this name in profane history, the king of Media and the conqueror of Nineveh. (2.) The king mentioned in Ezra 4:6, probably the Cambyses of profane history, the son and successor of Cyrus (B.C. 529). (3.) The son of Darius Hystaspes, the king named in the Book of Esther. He ruled over the kingdoms of Persia, Media, and Babylonia, "from India to Ethiopia." This was in all probability the Xerxes of profane history, who succeeded his father Darius (B.C. 485). In the LXX. version of the Book of Esther the name Artaxerxes occurs for Ahasuerus. He reigned for twenty-one years (B.C. 486-465). He invaded Greece with an army, it is said, of more than 2,000,000 soldiers, only 5,000 of whom returned with him. Leonidas, with his famous 300, arrested his progress at the Pass of Thermopylae, and then he was defeated disastrously by Themistocles at Salamis. It was after his return from this invasion that Esther was chosen as his queen.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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