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town, northern Iceland. It lies at the southern end of Eyja Fjord. Akureyri is the chief centre of the north and is one of the island's most populous urban centres outside the Reykjavik metropolitan area. While primarily a commercial and distributing centre, Akureyri is also a fishing port, agricultural market, and manufacturing centre for fish and dairy products. Ironworking, woodworking, and shipbuilding are all significant industries. The town has a university, a graduate school for renewable-energy science, a marine biology research centre, an airport, botanical gardens, and several museums. Pop. (2006 est.) 16,534.