albino

[al-bahy-noh or, esp. British, -bee-]
noun, plural albinos.
1.
a person with pale skin, light hair, pinkish eyes, and visual abnormalities resulting from a hereditary inability to produce the pigment melanin.
2.
an animal or plant with a marked deficiency in pigmentation.
3.
Philately. an embossed stamp accidentally left without ink.

Origin:
1770–80; < Portuguese, equivalent to alb(o) white (< Latin albus) + -ino -ine1

albinic [al-bin-ik] , albinal [al-buh-nl] , adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
albino (ælˈbiːnəʊ)
 
n , pl -nos
1.  a person with congenital absence of pigmentation in the skin, eyes, and hair
2.  any animal or plant that is deficient in pigment
 
[C18: via Portuguese from Spanish, from albo white, from Latin albus]
 
albinic
 
adj
 
albin'istic
 
adj
 
albinism
 
n
 
albinotic
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

albino
1777, from Sp. or Port. albino, from L. albus "white" (see alb). Used by Portuguese of white-spotted African negroes. Extended 1859 to animals having the same peculiarity.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

albino al·bi·no (āl-bī'nō)
n. pl. al·bi·nos
A person or an animal lacking normal pigmentation, resulting in abnormally pale or white skin and hair and pink or blue eyes with a deep-red pupil.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
albino   (āl-bī'nō)  Pronunciation Key 
An organism lacking normal pigmentation or coloration. Animals that are albinos lack pigmentation due to a congenital absence of melanin. In humans and other mammals, albinos have white hair, pale skin, and usually pinkish eyes. Plants that are albinos lack normal amounts of chlorophyll or other pigments.

albinism noun (āl'bə-nĭz'əm)
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
One shows a red-eyed albino squirrel, a common sight on campus.
Meanwhile, the albino whale has been eluding harpooners, and bears the scars of many failed attacks against him.
Rare albino alligators and the reptile nursery are featured exhibits near the snack bar and gift shop.
All were various shades of tan and brown, except for the albino lab rats.
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