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Denotation vs. Connotation

alcayde

[al-kahy-dee; Spanish ahl-kahy-th e] /ælˈkaɪ di; Spanish ɑlˈkaɪ ðɛ/
noun, plural alcaydes
[al-kahy-deez; Spanish ahl-kahy-th es] /ælˈkaɪ diz; Spanish ɑlˈkaɪ ðɛs/ (Show IPA)
1.

alcaide

or alcayde

[al-kahy-dee; Spanish ahl-kahy-th e] /ælˈkaɪ di; Spanish ɑlˈkaɪ ðɛ/
noun, plural alcaides
[al-kahy-deez; Spanish ahl-kahy-th es] /ælˈkaɪ diz; Spanish ɑlˈkaɪ ðɛs/ (Show IPA)
(in Spain, Portugal, Southwestern U.S., etc.)
1.
a commander of a fortress.
2.
a jailer; the warden of a prison.
Origin of alcaide
1495-1505
1495-1505; < Spanish < Arabic al-qā'id the leader
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for alcayde
Historical Examples
  • Other cavaliers of rank and distinction waited on the count and the alcayde de los Donceles.

  • But this brought him a visit from the alcayde, who commanded him to "forbear that noise."

    The Spanish Brothers Deborah Alcock
  • Loxa was commanded at this time by an old Moorish alcayde whose daughter was the favorite wife of Boabdil.

  • I am a daughter of that prison, my father was alcayde, and my son might hope to be so, were he not a fool.

    The Bible in Spain George Borrow
  • I but said three words to the alcayde of the prison,” said I, “relative to the jargon used by the children of the prison.

    The Bible in Spain George Borrow
  • “Your worship is right,” said the alcayde with a bow, but in a low voice.

    The Bible in Spain George Borrow
  • The alcayde beheld his bravest men dead or wounded around him, while the remainder were sinking with watchfulness and fatigue.

  • “Your worship is right,” said the alcayde, with a bow, but in a low voice.

  • The alcayde was on the battlements of his castle, surrounded by his knights.

  • The alcayde, Aben Comixa, retreated to a strong tower with a few of the garrison and inhabitants.

British Dictionary definitions for alcayde

alcaide

/ælˈkeɪd; Spanish alˈkaɪðe/
noun (in Spain and Spanish America)
1.
the commander of a fortress or castle
2.
the governor of a prison
Word Origin
C16: from Spanish, from Arabic al-qā'id the captain, commander, from qād to give orders
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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13
14
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