alexander

[al-ig-zan-der, -zahn-]

Origin:
1925–30; probably after the proper name

Dictionary.com Unabridged

Alexander

[al-ig-zan-der, -zahn-]
noun
2.
Also, Alexandros. Classical Mythology. Homeric name for Paris.
3.
Franz [frants, franz, frahnts] , 1891–1964, U.S. psychoanalyst, born in Hungary.
4.
Grover Cleveland, 1887–1950, U.S. baseball player.
5.
Sir Harold R. L. G (Alexander of Tunis) 1891–1969, English field marshal.
6.
Samuel, 1859–1938, British philosopher.
7.
William, 1726–83, general in the american revolution.
8.
a male given name: from a Greek word meaning “defender of men.”

Alexander I

noun
1.
Saint, pope a.d. 106?–115.
2.
(Aleksandr Pavlovich) 1777–1825, czar of Russia 1801–25.
3.
(Alexander ObrenovichorAleksandar Obrenović) 1876–1903, king of Serbia 1889–1903.
4.
1888–1934, king of Yugoslavia 1921–34 (son of Peter I of Serbia).

Alexander II

noun
1.
died 1073, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1061–1073.
2.
(Aleksandr Nikolaevich) 1818–81, czar of Russia 1855–81.

Alexander III

noun
1.
died 1181, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1159–81.
2.
(Aleksandr Aleksandrovich) 1845–94, czar of Russia 1881–94.

Alexander IV

noun
(Rinaldo Conti) died 1261, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1254–61.

Alexander V

noun
1340?–1410, Cretan ecclesiastic: pope 1409–10.

Alexander VI

noun
(Rodrigo Borgia) 1431?–1503, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1492–1503 (father of Cesare and Lucrezia Borgia).

Alexander VII

noun
(Fabio Chigi) 1599–1667, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1655–67.

Alexander VIII

noun
(Pietro Ottoboni) 1610–91, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1689–91.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Alexander (ˌælɪɡˈzɑːndə)
 
n
Harold (Rupert Leofric George), Earl Alexander of Tunis. 1891--1969, British field marshal in World War II, who organized the retreat from Dunkirk and commanded in North Africa (1943) and Sicily and Italy (1944--45); governor general of Canada (1946--52); British minister of defence (1952--54)

Alexander I
 
n
1.  c. 1080--1124, king of Scotland (1107--24), son of Malcolm III
2.  1777--1825, tsar of Russia (1801--25), who helped defeat Napoleon and formed the Holy Alliance (1815)

Alexander II
 
n
1.  1198--1249, king of Scotland (1214--49), son of William (the Lion)
2.  1818--81, tsar of Russia (1855--81), son of Nicholas I, who emancipated the serfs (1861). He was assassinated by the Nihilists

Alexander III
 
n
1.  1241--86, king of Scotland (1249--86), son of Alexander II
2.  original name Orlando Bandinelli. died 1181, pope (1159--81), who excommunicated Barbarossa
3.  1845--94, tsar of Russia (1881--94), son of Alexander II

Alexander VI
 
n
original name Rodrigo Borgia. 1431--1503, pope (1492--1503): noted for his extravagance and immorality as well as for his patronage of the arts; father of Cesare and Lucrezia Borgia, with whom he is said to have committed incest

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Alexander
masc. proper name, from L., from Gk. Alexandros "defender of men," from alexein "to ward off, keep off, turn (something) away, defend, protect" + aner (gen. andros) "man" (see anthropo-). The first element is related to Gk. alke "protection, help, strength, power, courage,"
alkimos "strong;" cognate with Skt. raksati "protects," O.E. ealgian "to defend." As a kind of cocktail, it is attested from 1930.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Alexander definition


man-defender. (1.) A relative of Annas the high priest, present when Peter and John were examined before the Sanhedrim (Acts 4:6). (2.) A man whose father, Simon the Cyrenian, bore the cross of Christ (Mark 15:21). (3.) A Jew of Ephesus who took a prominent part in the uproar raised there by the preaching of Paul (Acts 19:33). The Jews put him forward to plead their cause before the mob. It was probably intended that he should show that he and the other Jews had no sympathy with Paul any more than the Ephesians had. It is possible that this man was the same as the following. (4.) A coppersmith who, with Hymenaeus and others, promulgated certain heresies regarding the resurrection (1 Tim. 1:19; 2 Tim. 4:14), and made shipwreck of faith and of a good conscience. Paul excommunicated him (1 Tim. 1:20; comp. 1 Cor. 5:5).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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