Algiers

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Algeria

[al-jeer-ee-uh]
noun
a republic in NW Africa: formerly comprised 13 departments of France; gained independence 1962. 919,352 sq. mi. (2,381,122 sq. km). Capital: Algiers.
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World English Dictionary
Algeria (ælˈdʒɪərɪə)
 
n
French name: Algérie a republic in NW Africa, on the Mediterranean: became independent in 1962, after more than a century of French rule; one-party constitution adopted in 1976; religious extremists led a campaign of violence from 1988 until 2000; consists chiefly of the N Sahara, with the Atlas Mountains in the north, and contains rich deposits of oil and natural gas. Official languages: Arabic and Berber; French also widely spoken. Religion: Muslim. Currency: dinar. Capital: Algiers. Pop: 32 339 000 (2004 est). Area: about 2 382 800 sq km (920 000 sq miles)

Algiers (ælˈdʒɪəz)
 
n
Arabic name: Al-Jezair, French name: Alger the capital of Algeria, an ancient port on the Mediterranean; until 1830 a centre of piracy. Pop: 3 260 000 (2005 est)

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Algeria
named for Algiers, city chosen by the Fr. as its capital when they colonized it in 1830 + Latinate "country" suffix -ia. The city name is Arabic al-Jazair, lit. "the islands," in ref. to four islands formerly off the coast but joined to the mainland since 1525.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Algeria definition


Republic in northwest Africa, bordered to the north by the Mediterranean Sea, to the east by Tunisia and Libya, to the south by Niger and Mali, and to the west by Mauritania and Morocco. Its capital and largest city is Algiers.

Note: Colonized by France in the nineteenth century, Algeria was involved in a long and bloody battle for independence, gaining full autonomy in the early 1960s.
Algiers [(al-jeerz)]

Capital of Algeria and largest city in the country, located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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