Mathematics. forming an exact proper divisor: An aliquot part of 15 is 5.
Chemistry, Pharmacology. comprising a known fraction of a whole and constituting a sample: an aliquot quantity of acid for analysis.
an aliquot part.

1560–70; < Latin, equivalent to ali- some other + quot as many as Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
aliquot (ˈælɪˌkwɒt)
1.  maths Compare aliquant of, signifying, or relating to an exact divisor of a quantity or number: 3 is an aliquot part of 12
2.  consisting of equal quantities: the sample was divided into five aliquot parts
3.  an aliquot part
[C16: from Latin: several, a few]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

aliquot al·i·quot (āl'ĭ-kwŏt', -kwət)
A portion of the whole, especially one of two or more samples of something that have the same volume or weight.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Using vice grips with taped jaws, crimp the hinges of the aliquot vials to ensure proper closure.
The aliquot volume is adjusted according to the algal population density and turbidity of the sample.
Discrete sampling may be flow proportioned either by varying the time interval between each aliquot or the volume of each aliquot.
The moisture aliquot is dried and weighed again to achieve both a wet and a dry weight.
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