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alkanet

[al-kuh-net] /ˈæl kəˌnɛt/
noun
1.
a European plant, Alkanna tinctoria, of the borage family.
2.
the root of this plant, yielding a red dye.
3.
the dye itself.
4.
any of several similar hairy plants, as the bugloss, Anchusa officinalis, or a puccoon of the genus Lithospermum.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English < Old Spanish alcaneta, equivalent to alcan(a) henna (plant) (< Medieval Latin alchanna < Arabic al the + hinnā̉ henna) + -eta diminutive suffix
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for alkanet

alkanet

/ˈælkəˌnɛt/
noun
1.
a European boraginaceous plant, Alkanna tinctoria, the roots of which yield a red dye
2.
Also called anchusin, alkannin. the dye obtained from this plant
3.
any of certain hairy blue-flowered Old World plants of the boraginaceous genus Anchusa (or Pentaglottis), such as A. sempervirens of Europe See also bugloss
4.
another name for puccoon (sense 1)
Word Origin
C14: from Spanish alcaneta, diminutive of alcana henna, from Medieval Latin alchanna, from Arabic al the + hinnā' henna
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for alkanet
n.

"dye material from bugloss plant roots," early 14c., from Spanish alcaneta, diminutive of alcana, from Arabic al-hinna (see henna). As the name of the plant itself, from 1560s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for alkanet

any plant of the 50 or so mostly Mediterranean species of the genus Anchusa and the closely related Pentaglottis sempervirens, bearing blue, purple, or white forget-me-not-like flower clusters on hairy, herbaceous stems. They belong to the family Boraginaceae. True alkanet (A. officinalis) bears purple flowers in coiled sprays, on narrow-leaved plants, 60 cm (2 feet) tall. Large blue alkanet (A. azurea), popular as a garden species, reaches 120 cm (4 feet) and has large, bright-blue flowers with a tuft of white hairs in the throats, and narrow leaves. Oval, pointed evergreen leaves and white-eyed blue flowers characterize the evergreen alkanet (Pentaglottis sempervirens), which reaches 100 cm (3 13 feet). All three species grow in fields and roadside waste spaces. True alkanet has become naturalized in some areas of eastern North America.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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