the loyalty of a citizen to his or her government or of a subject to his or her sovereign.
loyalty or devotion to some person, group, cause, or the like.

1350–1400; Middle English aliegiaunce, equivalent to a- probably a-5 + liege liege + -aunce -ance; compare Middle French ligeance

nonallegiance, noun
overallegiance, noun

See loyalty.

1. treason. 2. treachery. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
allegiance (əˈliːdʒəns)
1.  loyalty, as of a subject to his sovereign or of a citizen to his country
2.  fealty See also homage (in feudal society) the obligations of a vassal to his liege lord
[C14: from Old French ligeance, from ligeliege]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1400, from Anglo-Fr. legaunce "loyalty of a liege-man to his lord," from O.Fr. legeance, from liege (see liege); erroneously associated with L. ligare "to bind;" corrupted in spelling by confusion with the now-obsolete legal term allegeance "alleviation." General figurative
sense of "recognition of claims to respect or duty" is attested from 1732.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Libraries now regard their users as customers whose needs should be met in
  order to secure their allegiance.
You have seen duty and allegiance in the determined faces of our soldiers.
He is not known to have any party allegiance.
In light of the authors' professed allegiance to fresh, seasonal produce,
  occasional use of canned foods may seem contradictory.
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