[al-pahyn, -pin]
of, pertaining to, on, or part of any lofty mountain.
very high; elevated.
(initial capital letter) of, pertaining to, on, or part of the Alps.
Botany. growing on mountains above the limit of tree growth: alpine plants.
(often initial capital letter) of or pertaining to downhill skiing or a competitive downhill skiing event. Compare Nordic ( def 3 ).
(initial capital letter) Anthropology. having the features characteristic of an Alpine.
(initial capital letter) Anthropology. a member of a Caucasoid people found in central Europe and characterized by heavy body build, medium complexion, and straight to wavy hair.

1600–10; < Latin Alpīnus, equivalent to Alp(ēs) (plural) the Alps + -īnus -ine1

alpinely, adverb Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
alpine (ˈælpaɪn)
1.  of or relating to high mountains
2.  (of plants) growing on mountains, esp above the limit for tree growth
3.  connected with or used in mountaineering in medium-sized glaciated mountain areas such as the Alps
4.  skiing Compare nordic of or relating to racing events on steep prepared slopes, such as the slalom and downhill
5.  a plant that is native or suited to alpine conditions

Alpine (ˈælpaɪn)
1.  of or relating to the Alps or their inhabitants
2.  geology
 a.  of or relating to an episode of mountain building in the Tertiary period during which the Alps were formed
 b.  of or relating to a high mountainous environment heavily modified by glacial erosion

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"of the Alps," c.1600, see Alp. Earlier was Alpish (1590s).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
alpine   (āl-pĭn)  Pronunciation Key 
Resembling or characteristic of the European Alps or any other high mountain system, especially one that has been shaped by intense glacial erosion.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The alpine timberline marks the point where the elevation is too high, and
  usually too cold, for tree growth.
Every alp also has a resident herd of pigs-which generally don't make it into
  those alpine travel posters.
Its more than one million acres are filled with wildlife, dense forests, jagged
  peaks and alpine glaciers.
First, there was an ample supply of water from the lake and nearby alpine
  streams to the north.
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