in addition; too; besides; as well: He was thin, and he was also tall.
likewise; in the same manner: Since you're having another cup of coffee, I'll have one also.
and: He was mean, also ugly.

1125–75; Middle English; Old English (e)alswā all (wholly or quite) so1; the meaning all so “wholly” thus implies replication, and therefore “additionally, besides”

1. moreover. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
also (ˈɔːlsəʊ)
1.  (sentence modifier) in addition; as well; too
sentence connector
2.  besides; moreover
[Old English alswā; related to Old High German alsō, Old Frisian alsa; see all, so1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. eallswa "exactly so," compound of all + so. The demonstrative sense of "similarly" weakened to "in addition to" in 12c., replacing eke. The compound has parallel forms in Ger. also, Du. alzoo. Also-ran is attested from 1896, originally in ref. to horse-races.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
In addition to obvious categories such as race, geography can also be a factor.
Most arrive via e-mail, but we also receive submissions by postal mail and fax.
Environmental experts also point out that tree farms provide oxygen, diminish
  carbon dioxide and create jobs.
They also connected the neurons to a robot and tried to teach the brain to
  track and approach objects.
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