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Canadian province, founded in 1882 and named for Princess Louise Caroline Alberta (1848-1939), fourth daughter of Queen Victoria, wife of the governor general, John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Marquess of Lorne. She was named for her father, Prince Albert.
Province in western Canada, bordered by the Northwest Territories to the north, Saskatchewan to the east, Montana to the south, and British Columbia to the west. Edmonton is its capital and largest city.
Note: Recent exploitation of oil, natural gas, and mineral resources has replaced agriculture as Alberta's primary industry.
Note: Banff, in the Canadian Rockies (see Rocky Mountains), is a popular vacation spot.