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amaranth

[am-uh-ranth] /ˈæm əˌrænθ/
noun
1.
an imaginary, undying flower.
2.
any plant of the genus Amaranthus, some species of which are cultivated as food and some for their showy flower clusters or foliage.
Compare amaranth family.
3.
Chemistry. a purplish-red, water-soluble powder, C 20 H 11 N 2 O 10 Na 3 , an azo dye used chiefly to color pharmaceuticals, food, and garments.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; < Latin amarantus, alteration of Greek amáranton unfading flower, noun use of neuter singular of amárantos, equivalent to a- a-6 + maran- (stem of maraínein to fade) + -tos verbal adjective suffix; -th- < Greek ánthos flower
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for amaranth
  • The latest hedge-fund crisis-amaranth's demise after making disastrous bets on natural gas-barely troubled the markets.
British Dictionary definitions for amaranth

amaranth

/ˈæməˌrænθ/
noun
1.
(poetic) an imaginary flower that never fades
2.
any of numerous tropical and temperate plants of the genus Amaranthus, having tassel-like heads of small green, red, or purple flowers: family Amaranthaceae See also love-lies-bleeding, tumbleweed, pigweed (sense 1)
3.
a synthetic red food colouring (E123), used in packet soups, cake mixes, etc
Word Origin
C17: from Latin amarantus, from Greek amarantos unfading, from a-1 + marainein to fade
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for amaranth
n.

1610s, from French amarante, from Latin amarantus, from Greek amarantos, name of an unfading flower, literally "everlasting," from a- "not" + stem of marainein "die away, waste away, quench, extinguish," from PIE *mer- "to rub away, harm" (see nightmare). In classical use, a poet's word for an imaginary flower that never fades. It was applied to a genus of ornamental plants 1550s. Ending influenced by plant names with Greek -anthos "flower."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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