|a white metallic transuranic element artificially produced from plutonium. It is used as an alpha-particle source. Symbol: Am; atomic no: 95; half-life of most stable isotope, 243Am: 7.4 × 10³ years; valency: 2,3,4,5, or 6; relative density: 13.67; melting pt: 1176°C; boiling pt: 2607°C (est)|
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americium am·er·i·ci·um (ām'ə-rĭsh'ē-əm)
A white metallic synthetic element of the actinide series; its longest-lived isotopes, Am 241 and Am 243, are used as radiation sources in research. Atomic number 95; specific gravity 13.7; valence 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
|americium (ām'ə-rĭsh'ē-əm) Pronunciation Key
Symbol Am A synthetic, silvery-white, radioactive metallic element of the actinide series that is produced artificially by bombarding plutonium with neutrons. Americium is used as a source of alpha particles for smoke detectors and gamma rays for industrial gauges. Its most stable isotope has a half-life of 7,950 years. Atomic number 95; specific gravity 11.7; valence 3, 4, 5, 6. See Periodic Table.