ames-test

Ames test

noun
a test that exposes a strain of bacteria to a chemical compound in order to determine the mutagenic potential of the compound.

Origin:
1975–80; after U.S. biochemist Bruce N. Ames (born 1928), who developed the test

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Collins
World English Dictionary
Ames test (eɪmz)
 
n
a method of preliminary screening for carcinogens, based on their ability to cause mutations in bacteria
 
[named after Bruce Ames (born 1928), US biochemist who invented the test]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

Ames test n.
A test in which strains of Salmonella that are unable to synthesize histidine are introduced into a test substance lacking in histidine. If the strains then regain the ability to synthesize histidine, the substance is considered mutagenic and thus carcinogenic.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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