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amid

[uh-mid] /əˈmɪd/
preposition
1.
in the middle of; surrounded by; among:
to stand weeping amid the ruins.
2.
during; in or throughout the course of.
Also, amidst.
Origin of amid
1000
before 1000; Middle English amidde, Old English amiddan, for on middan in (the) middle. See a-1, mid1
Can be confused
amid, among, between (see synonym study at among; see usage note at between)
Synonyms
1. See among.

amid-

1.
variant of amido- before a vowel:
amidase.
Origin
1870-75
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for amid

amid

/əˈmɪd/
preposition
1.
in the middle of; among
Word Origin
Old English on middan in the middle; see mid1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for amid
prep.

late 14c., from amidde (c.1200), from Old English on middan "in the middle," from dative singular of midde "mid, middle" (see middle); the phrase evidently was felt as "in (the) middle" and thus followed by a genitive case, and if this had endured we would follow it today with of. (See amidst for further evolution along this line).

The same applies to equivalents in Latin (in medio) and Greek (en meso), both originally adjective phrases which evolved to take the genitive case. But in later Old English on middan also was treated as a preposition and followed by dative. Used in compounds from early 13c. (e.g. amidships, attested from 1690s and retaining the genitive, as the compounds usually did in early Middle English, suggesting this one is considerably older than the written record of it.)

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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