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ampersand

[am-per-sand, am-per-sand] /ˈæm pərˌsænd, ˌæm pərˈsænd/
noun
1.
a character or symbol (& or ) for and :
Smith & Jones, Inc.
Origin
1820-1830
1820-30; contraction of and per se and literally, (the symbol) & by itself (stands for) and; see per se
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for ampersand
  • Tiro has a nifty claim to fame: he invented the ampersand.
  • To do this, precede the name with an ampersand in the calling sequence.
  • There are three basic types of modules: alias modules, regular modules, and ampersand modules.
  • In an ampersand puzzle, one of the two words in a series of ampersand pairs is missing.
  • Invalid characters ampersand, hyphen, period and space have not been included in block names.
  • The ampersand may be used in signs and in advertising copy such as marketing brochures.
  • Continuation lines must have an ampersand as the last non-blank character in a line.
British Dictionary definitions for ampersand

ampersand

/ˈæmpəˌsænd/
noun
1.
the character (&), meaning and John Brown & Co
Word Origin
C19: shortened from and per se and, that is, the symbol & by itself (represents) and
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ampersand
n.

1837, contraction of and per se and, meaning "(the character) '&' by itself is 'and' " (a hybrid phrase, partly in Latin, partly in English). The symbol is based on the Latin word et "and," and comes from an old Roman system of shorthand signs (ligatures), attested in Pompeiian graffiti, but not (as sometimes stated) from the Tironian Notes, which was a different form of shorthand, probably invented by Cicero's companion Marcus Tullius Tiro, which used a different symbol, something like a reversed capital gamma, to indicate et.

This Tironian symbol was maintained by some medieval scribes, including Anglo-Saxon chroniclers, who sprinkled their works with a symbol like a numeral 7 to indicate the word and. In old schoolbooks the ampersand was printed at the end of the alphabet and thus by 1880s had acquired a slang sense of "posterior, rear end, hindquarters."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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ampersand in Culture
ampersand [(am-puhr-sand)]

A symbol for and (&), as in Dun & Bradstreet.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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ampersand in Technology
character
"&" ASCII character 38.
Common names: ITU-T, INTERCAL: ampersand; amper; and. Rare: address (from C); reference (from C++); bitand; background (from sh); pretzel; amp.
A common symbol for "and", used as the "address of" operator in C, the "reference" operator in C++ and a bitwise AND operator in several programming languages.
UNIX shells use the character to indicate that a task should be run in the background.
The ampersand is a ligature (combination) of the cursive letters "e" and "t", invented in 63 BC by Marcus Tirus [Tiro?] as shorthand for the Latin word for "and", "et".
The word ampersand is a conflation (combination) of "and, per se and". Per se means "by itself", and so the phrase translates to "&, standing by itself, means 'and'". This was at the end of the alphabet as it was recited by children in old English schools. The words ran together and were associated with "&". The "ampersand" spelling dates from 1837.
Take our word for it (http://takeourword.com/Issue010.html).
(2000-10-28)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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