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amphibole

[am-fuh-bohl] /ˈæm fəˌboʊl/
noun, Mineralogy
1.
any of a complex group of hydrous silicate minerals, containing chiefly calcium, magnesium, sodium, iron, and aluminum, and including hornblende, tremolite, asbestos, etc., occurring as important constituents of many rocks.
Origin
1600-1610
1600-10; < French < Late Latin amphibolus amphibolous
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for amphibole
  • Blue amphibole contains sodium and, of course, is bluish in color more details.
  • Some studies show that amphibole fibers stay in the lungs longer than chrysotile.
British Dictionary definitions for amphibole

amphibole

/ˈæmfɪˌbəʊl/
noun
1.
any of a large group of minerals consisting of the silicates of calcium, iron, magnesium, sodium, and aluminium, usually in the form of long slender dark-coloured crystals. Members of the group, including hornblende, actinolite, and tremolite, are common constituents of igneous rocks
Word Origin
C17: from French, from Greek amphibolos uncertain; so called from the large number of varieties in the group
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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amphibole in Science
amphibole
  (ām'fə-bōl')   
Any of a large group of usually dark minerals composed of a silicate joined to various metals, such as magnesium, iron, calcium or sodium. Amphiboles occur as columnar or fibrous prismatic crystals in igneous and metamorphic rocks. Most are monoclinic, but some are orthorhombic. Hornblende, actinolite and glaucophane are amphiboles. Chemical formula: (Mg,Fe,Ca,Na)2-3(Mg,Fe,Al)5(Si,Al)8O22OH2.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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