amphora

[am-fer-uh]
noun, plural amphorae [am-fuh-ree] , amphoras. Greek and Roman Antiquity.
a large two-handled storage jar having an oval body, usually tapering to a point at the base, with a pair of handles extending from immediately below the lip to the shoulder: used chiefly for oil, wine, etc., and, set on a foot, as a commemorative vase awarded the victors in contests such as the Panathenaic games.
Compare pelike, stamnos.


Origin:
1300–50; Middle English < Latin < Greek amphoreús, equivalent to am(phi)- amphi- + phoreús bearer (i.e., handle), akin to phérein to bear

amphoral, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To amphora
Collins
World English Dictionary
amphora (ˈæmfərə)
 
n , pl -phorae, -phoras
an ancient Greek or Roman two-handled narrow-necked jar for oil, wine, etc
 
[C17: from Latin, from Greek amphoreus, from amphi- + phoreus bearer, from pherein to bear]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

amphora
early 14c., "two-handled vessel for holding wine, oil, etc.," from L. amphora from Gk. amphoreus, contraction of amphiphoreus, from amphi- "on both sides" + phoreus "bearer," related to pherein "to bear" (see infer). Also a liquid measure in the ancient world, in Gk. equal
to 9 gallons, in Rome to 6 gallons, 7 pints.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

amphora

ancient Roman unit of capacity for grain and liquid products equal to 48 sextarii and equivalent to about 27.84 litres (7.36 U.S. gallons). The term amphora was borrowed from the Greeks, who used it to designate a measure equal to about 34 litres (9 U.S. gallons).

Learn more about amphora with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Cite This Source
Example sentences
The handles of the amphora are solid silver panthers.
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;