noun Biology, Physiology.
constructive metabolism; the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances from simpler ones (opposed to catabolism ).

1885–90; ana- + (meta)bolism

anabolic [an-uh-bol-ik] , adjective
hyperanabolic, adjective
hyperanabolism, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
anabolic (ˌænəˈbɒlɪk)
of or relating to anabolism

anabolism (əˈnæbəˌlɪzəm)
Compare catabolism a metabolic process in which complex molecules are synthesized from simpler ones with the storage of energy; constructive metabolism
[C19: from ana- + (meta)bolism]

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Word Origin & History

"pertaining to the process of building up (especially in metabolism)," 1876, from Gk. anabole "that which is thrown up, mound," from ana "up, upward" + ballein "to throw" (see ballistics). Anabolism is recorded from 1886.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

anabolism a·nab·o·lism (ə-nāb'ə-lĭz'əm)
The phase of metabolism in which simple substances are synthesized into the complex materials of living tissue.

an'a·bol'ic (ān'ə-bŏl'ĭk) adj.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
anabolism   (ə-nāb'ə-lĭz'əm)  Pronunciation Key 
The phase of metabolism in which complex molecules, such as the proteins and fats that make up body tissue, are formed from simpler ones. Compare catabolism.

anabolic adjective
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Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

anabolism definition

The chemical reactions that synthesize molecules in metabolism. (Compare catabolism.)

Note: Athletes often attempt to improve their performance by speeding up this molecule-building process through the use of drugs called anabolic steroids, despite the potential health risks involved. This use is outlawed in many athletic competitions, such as the Olympic Games.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Athletes have obviously been tempted to use performance enhancing anabolic
Anabolic steroids are chemical relatives of testosterone.
When he asked them how they had gotten that way, they talked about taking
  anabolic steroids.
We have a wealth of data concerning, for example, androgenic anabolic steroids.
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