anachronism

[uh-nak-ruh-niz-uhm]
noun
1.
something or someone that is not in its correct historical or chronological time, especially a thing or person that belongs to an earlier time: The sword is an anachronism in modern warfare.
2.
an error in chronology in which a person, object, event, etc., is assigned a date or period other than the correct one: To assign Michelangelo to the 14th century is an anachronism.


Origin:
1640–50; < Latin anachronismus < Greek anachronismós a wrong time reference, equivalent to anachron(ízein) to make a wrong time reference (see ana-, chron-, -ize) + -ismos -ism

anachronically [an-uh-kron-ik-lee] , adverb
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World English Dictionary
anachronism (əˈnækrəˌnɪzəm)
 
n
1.  the representation of an event, person, or thing in a historical context in which it could not have occurred or existed
2.  a person or thing that belongs or seems to belong to another time: she regards the Church as an anachronism
 
[C17: from Latin anachronismus, from Greek anakhronismos a mistake in chronology, from anakhronizein to err in a time reference, from ana- + khronos time]
 
anachro'nistic
 
adj
 
anachro'nistically
 
adv

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

anachronism
1640s, "an error in computing time or finding dates," from L. anachronismus, from Gk. anachronismos, from anachronizein "refer to wrong time," from ana- "against" + khronos "time." Meaning "something out of harmony with the present" first recorded 1816. Related: Anachronistic (1775).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Anachronisms of two kinds persist in respect of this phenomenon.
Anachronisms abound and you get everything from audience participation to
  gently obscene musical interludes.
Yet historians note various anachronisms, such as horses, steel and wheat.
Ah medicine, one of those quaint anachronisms which manage to cling to power by
  charging a large entrance fee to the guild.
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