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anachronism

[uh-nak-ruh-niz-uh m] /əˈnæk rəˌnɪz əm/
noun
1.
something or someone that is not in its correct historical or chronological time, especially a thing or person that belongs to an earlier time:
The sword is an anachronism in modern warfare.
2.
an error in chronology in which a person, object, event, etc., is assigned a date or period other than the correct one:
To assign Michelangelo to the 14th century is an anachronism.
Origin of anachronism
1640-1650
1640-50; < Latin anachronismus < Greek anachronismós a wrong time reference, equivalent to anachron(ízein) to make a wrong time reference (see ana-, chron-, -ize) + -ismos -ism
Related forms
anachronically
[an-uh-kron-ik-lee] /ˌæn əˈkrɒn ɪk li/ (Show IPA),
adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for anachronism

anachronism

/əˈnækrəˌnɪzəm/
noun
1.
the representation of an event, person, or thing in a historical context in which it could not have occurred or existed
2.
a person or thing that belongs or seems to belong to another time: she regards the Church as an anachronism
Derived Forms
anachronistic, adjective
anachronistically, adverb
Word Origin
C17: from Latin anachronismus, from Greek anakhronismos a mistake in chronology, from anakhronizein to err in a time reference, from ana- + khronos time
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for anachronism
n.

1640s, "an error in computing time or finding dates," from Latin anachronismus, from Greek anakhronismos, from anakhronizein "refer to wrong time," from ana- "against" (see ana-) + khronos "time" (see chrono-). Meaning "something out of harmony with the present" first recorded 1816.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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