analogies

analogy

[uh-nal-uh-jee]
noun, plural analogies.
1.
a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based: the analogy between the heart and a pump.
2.
similarity or comparability: I see no analogy between your problem and mine.
3.
Biology. an analogous relationship.
4.
Linguistics.
a.
the process by which words or phrases are created or re-formed according to existing patterns in the language, as when shoon was re-formed as shoes, when -ize is added to nouns like winter to form verbs, or when a child says foots for feet.
b.
a form resulting from such a process.
5.
Logic. a form of reasoning in which one thing is inferred to be similar to another thing in a certain respect, on the basis of the known similarity between the things in other respects.

Origin:
1530–40; < Latin analogia < Greek. See analogous, -y3


1. comparison, likeness, resemblance, similitude, affinity. 2. correspondence.
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World English Dictionary
analogy (əˈnælədʒɪ)
 
n , pl -gies
1.  agreement or similarity, esp in a certain limited number of features or details
2.  a comparison made to show such a similarity: to draw an analogy between an atom and the solar system
3.  biology the relationship between analogous organs or parts
4.  logic, maths a form of reasoning in which a similarity between two or more things is inferred from a known similarity between them in other respects
5.  linguistics imitation of existing models or regular patterns in the formation of words, inflections, etc: a child may use ``sheeps'' as the plural of ``sheep'' by analogy with ``dog'', ``dogs'', ``cat'', ``cats'', etc
 
[C16: from Greek analogia ratio, correspondence, from analogosanalogous]
 
analogical
 
adj
 
ana'logic
 
adj
 
ana'logically
 
adv
 
a'nalogist
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

analogy
1540s, from L. analogia, from Gk. analogia "proportion," from ana- "upon, according to" + logos "ratio," also "word, speech, reckoning." A mathematical term used in a wider sense by Plato.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
analogy [(uh-nal-uh-jee)]

A comparison of two different things that are alike in some way (see metaphor and simile). An analogy attributed to Samuel Johnson is: “Dictionaries are like watches; the worst is better than none, and the best cannot be expected to go quite true.”

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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