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analogous

[uh-nal-uh-guh s] /əˈnæl ə gəs/
adjective
1.
having analogy; corresponding in some particular:
A brain and a computer are analogous.
2.
Biology. corresponding in function, but not evolved from corresponding organs, as the wings of a bee and those of a hummingbird.
Origin
1640-1650
1640-50; < Latin analogus < Greek análogos proportionate, equivalent to ana- ana- + lóg(os) ratio + -os adj. suffix; see -ous
Related forms
analogously, adverb
analogousness, noun
nonanalogous, adjective
nonanalogously, adverb
nonanalogousness, noun
unanalogous, adjective
unanalogously, adverb
unanalogousness, noun
Can be confused
analogous, analogical.
Synonyms
1. similar, alike, like, comparable, akin.
Antonyms
1. dissimilar.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for analogousness

analogous

/əˈnæləɡəs/
adjective
1.
similar or corresponding in some respect
2.
(biology) (of organs and parts) having the same function but different evolutionary origin: the paddle of a whale and the fin of a fish are analogous Compare homologous (sense 4)
3.
(linguistics) formed by analogy: an analogous plural
Derived Forms
analogously, adverb
analogousness, noun
Usage note
The use of with after analogous should be avoided: swimming has no event that is analogous to (not with) the 100 metres in athletics
Word Origin
C17: from Latin analogus, from Greek analogos proportionate, from ana- + logos speech, ratio
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for analogousness

analogous

adj.

1640s, from Latin analogus, from Greek analogos "proportionate, according to due proportion" (see analogy).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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analogousness in Medicine

analogous a·nal·o·gous (ə-nāl'ə-gəs)
adj.
Similar in function but not in structure and evolutionary origin.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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analogousness in Science
analogous
  (ə-nāl'ə-gəs)   
  1. Similar in function but having different evolutionary origins, as the wings of a butterfly and the wings of a bird.

  2. Similar in chemical properties and differing in chemical structure only with respect to one element or group.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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