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analyse

[an-l-ahyz] /ˈæn lˌaɪz/
verb (used with object), analysed, analysing. Chiefly British
1.

analysis

[uh-nal-uh-sis] /əˈnæl ə sɪs/
noun, plural analyses
[uh-nal-uh-seez] /əˈnæl əˌsiz/ (Show IPA)
1.
the separating of any material or abstract entity into its constituent elements (opposed to synthesis).
2.
this process as a method of studying the nature of something or of determining its essential features and their relations:
the grammatical analysis of a sentence.
3.
a presentation, usually in writing, of the results of this process:
The paper published an analysis of the political situation.
4.
a philosophical method of exhibiting complex concepts or propositions as compounds or functions of more basic ones.
5.
Mathematics.
  1. an investigation based on the properties of numbers.
  2. the discussion of a problem by algebra, as opposed to geometry.
  3. the branch of mathematics consisting of calculus and its higher developments.
  4. a system of calculation, as combinatorial analysis or vector analysis.
  5. a method of proving a proposition by assuming the result and working backward to something that is known to be true.
    Compare synthesis (def 4).
6.
Chemistry.
  1. intentionally produced decomposition or separation of materials into their ingredients or elements, as to find their kind or quantity.
  2. the ascertainment of the kind or amount of one or more of the constituents of materials, whether obtained in separate form or not.
8.
Computers. systems analysis.
Origin
1575-1585
1575-85; < Neo-Latin < Greek, equivalent to analȳ́(ein) to loosen up (ana- ana- + lȳ́ein to loosen) + -sis -sis
Related forms
misanalysis, noun, plural misanalyses.
overanalysis, noun, plural overanalyses.
reanalysis, noun, plural reanalyses.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for analyses
  • Results of residue analyses are shown in Tables 1 and 2.
  • Such demographic analyses can be performed at all scales.
  • But these analyses don't just consider potential changes to the cost equation; they also take into account the benefit side.
  • The same data and analyses are given to all of the athletes.
  • Spies and spymasters trade literary allusions, existential musings and dream analyses in this humid tale of espionage.
  • Other data on the targeted servers included patients' clinical analyses, rebate applications, billing and managed-care processing.
  • Full analyses of projects' costs or benefits are rare.
  • But Hosking's immense knowledge and clear, concise analyses provide ample grist for university students and amateur historians.
  • It based these numbers on two analyses.
  • The institute sells analyses of legislation and regulatory activity that affects businesses.
British Dictionary definitions for analyses

analyse

/ˈænəˌlaɪz/
verb (transitive)
1.
to examine in detail in order to discover meaning, essential features, etc
2.
to break down into components or essential features: to analyse a financial structure
3.
to make a mathematical, chemical, grammatical, etc, analysis of
4.
another word for psychoanalyse
Derived Forms
analysable, (US) analyzable, adjective
analysation, (US) analyzation, noun
analyser, (US) analyzer, noun
Word Origin
C17: back formation from analysis

analysis

/əˈnælɪsɪs/
noun (pl) -ses (-ˌsiːz)
1.
the division of a physical or abstract whole into its constituent parts to examine or determine their relationship or value Compare synthesis (sense 1)
2.
a statement of the results of this
3.
short for psychoanalysis
4.
(chem)
  1. the decomposition of a substance into its elements, radicals, or other constituents in order to determine the kinds of constituents present (qualitative analysis) or the amount of each constituent (quantitative analysis)
  2. the result obtained by such a determination
5.
(linguistics) the use of word order together with word function to express syntactic relations in a language, as opposed to the use of inflections Compare synthesis (sense 4)
6.
(maths) the branch of mathematics principally concerned with the properties of functions, largely arising out of calculus
7.
(philosophy) (in the writings of Kant) the separation of a concept from another that contains it Compare synthesis (sense 6a)
8.
in the last analysis, in the final analysis, in the ultimate analysis, after everything has been given due consideration
Word Origin
C16: from New Latin, from Greek analusis, literally: a dissolving, from analuein, from ana- + luein to loosen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for analyses

analysis

n.

1580s, "resolution of anything complex into simple elements" (opposite of synthesis), from Medieval Latin analysis (15c.), from Greek analysis "a breaking up, a loosening, releasing," noun of action from analyein "unloose, release, set free; to loose a ship from its moorings," in Aristotle, "to analyze," from ana "up, throughout" (see ana-) + lysis "a loosening," from lyein "to unfasten" (see lose). Psychological sense is from 1890. Phrase in the final (or last) analysis (1844), translates French en dernière analyse.

analyse

v.

chiefly British English spelling of analyze (q.v.).

Analyse is better than analyze, but merely as being the one of the two equally indefensible forms that has won. The correct but now impossible form would be analysize (or analysise), with analysist for existing analyst. [Fowler]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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analyses in Medicine

analysis a·nal·y·sis (ə-nāl'ĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. a·nal·y·ses (-sēz')

  1. The separation of a whole into its constituent parts for individual study.

  2. The separation of a substance into its constituent elements to determine either their nature or proportions.

  3. The stated findings of such a separation or determination.

  4. Psychoanalysis.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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analyses in Science
analysis
  (ə-nāl'ĭ-sĭs)   
  1. The separation of a substance into its constituent elements, usually by chemical means, for the study and identification of each component. ◇ Qualitative analysis determines what substances are present in a compound. ◇ Quantitative analysis determines how much of each substance is present in a compound.

  2. A branch of mathematics concerned with limits and convergence and principally involving differential calculus, integral calculus, sequences, and series.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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