anchovy

[an-choh-vee, -chuh-, an-choh-vee]
noun, plural anchovies.
any small, marine, herringlike fish of the family Engraulidae, especially Engraulis encrasicholus, found in the Mediterranean Sea, often preserved in oil and used in salads, spreads, etc., or packaged in paste form.

Origin:
1590–1600; < French or Ibero-Romance < Genoese anchua, anchova < Vulgar Latin *apiu(v)a, variant of Latin apua (Pliny) < Greek aphýē fry of various fishes

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World English Dictionary
anchovy (ˈæntʃəvɪ)
 
n , pl -vies, -vy
any of various small marine food fishes of the genus Engraulis and related genera, esp E. encrasicolus of S Europe: family Clupeidae (herrings). They have a salty taste and are often tinned or made into a paste or essence
 
[C16: from Spanish anchova, perhaps ultimately from Greek aphuē small fish]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

anchovy
1590s, from Port. anchova, from Genoese or Corsican dialect, ultimately from either L. apua "small fish" (from Gk. aphye "small fry") or from Basque anchu "dried fish," from anchuva "dry."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Try the fried artichokes and a spicy anchovy bread sauce.
At the first, the fruits were speared onto toothpicks: a cherry with almonds, a
  strawberry pinned to an anchovy.
Crisscross two anchovy fillets over yolk of each egg.
The breeding success of brown pelicans is tied to anchovy populations.
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