one, a, an, or some; one or more without specification or identification: If you have any witnesses, produce them. Pick out any six you like.
whatever or whichever it may be: cheap at any price.
in whatever quantity or number, great or small; some: Do you have any butter?
every; all: Any schoolboy would know that. Read any books you find on the subject.
(following a negative) at all: She can't endure any criticism.
an unspecified person or persons; anybody; anyone: He does better than any before him.
a single one or ones; an unspecified thing or things; a quantity or number: We don't have any left.
in whatever degree; to some extent; at all: Do you feel any better?
any which way, in any manner whatever; indifferently or carelessly: Doing your work any which way is just not good enough.

before 950; Middle English eni, ani, Old English ǣnig (Old English ān one + -ig -y1)

3. See some. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
any (ˈɛnɪ)
1.  a.  one, some, or several, as specified, no matter how much or many, what kind or quality, etc: any cheese in the cupboard is yours; you may take any clothes you like
 b.  (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural): take any you like
2.  (usually used with a negative)
 a.  even the smallest amount or even one: I can't stand any noise
 b.  (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural): don't give her any
3.  whatever or whichever; no matter what or which: any dictionary will do; any time of day
4.  an indefinite or unlimited amount or number (esp in the phrases any amount or number): any number of friends
5.  (usually used with a negative)
 a.  ( foll by a comparative adjective ) to even the smallest extent: it isn't any worse now
 b.  not standard at all: he doesn't care any
[Old English ǣnig; related to Old Frisian ēnig, Old High German einag, Old Norse einigr anyone, Latin ūnicus unique; see an1, one]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. ænig "any, anyone," lit. "one-y," from P.Gmc. *ainagas (cf. O.S. enig, O.N. einigr, O.Fris. enich, Du. enig, Ger. einig). The -y may have dim. force here. Emphatic form any old ______ (British variant: any bloody ______) is recorded from 1896. At any rate is recorded from 1847. Among the large
family of compounds beginning with any- , anykyn "any kind" (c.1300) did not survive. Anywhen (1831) is rarely used, but OED calls it "common in Southern [British] dialects."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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