c.1985, Japanese for "animation," a term that seems to have arisen in the 1970s, apparently based on Fr. l'animé
, from the same root as animate
(q.v.) is Japanese for "comic book, graphic novel," but anime
largely are based on manga
and until 1970s, anime
were known in Japan as manga eiga
or "TV manga." The two terms are somewhat confused in Eng.