anole

[uh-noh-lee]
noun
any of numerous chiefly insectivorous New World lizards of the genus Anolis, related to the iguana, that have the ability to change the color of their skin among a wide range of green and brown shades.

Origin:
1895–1900; variant of anoli < Carib

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World English Dictionary
anole (əˈnəʊl)
 
n
Also called: American chameleon any small arboreal tropical American insectivorous lizards of the genus Anolis, such as A. carolinensis (green anole): family Iguanidae (iguanas). They are able to change the colour of their skin
 
[C18 annolis, from French anolis, from Carib anoli]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

anole
or anoli, 1906, from a native name in the Antilles.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

anole

any of more than 250 species of small, tree-dwelling lizards related to iguanas (family Iguanidae). Anoles occur throughout the warmer regions of the Americas and are especially abundant in the West Indies. Like the gecko, most anoles have enlarged finger and toe pads that are covered with microscopic hooks. These clinging pads, together with sharp claws, enable them to climb, even over a smooth surface, with great speed and agility. Adult anoles may grow to 12 to 45 cm (5 to 18 inches) in length, and most species can change colour. The males have large throat fans, or dewlaps, that are often brightly coloured. The dewlap signals a male's possession of a territory and also serves to attract females for mating.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The anole genome now gives us powerful tools to study natural selection and evolutionary change at the genetic level.
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