noun Botany.
the pollen-bearing part of a stamen.

1545–55; < Neo-Latin anthēra < Latin < Greek, feminine of anthērós flowery; see anthesis

antheral, adjective
antherless, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
anther (ˈænθə)
the terminal part of a stamen consisting usually of two lobes each containing two sacs in which the pollen matures
[C18: from New Latin anthēra, from Latin: a remedy prepared from flowers, from Greek, from anthēros flowery, from anthos flower]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

from Fr. anthère, from Mod.L. anthera "a medicine extracted from a flower," from Gk. anthera, fem. of antheros "flowery," from anthos "flower," from PIE base *andh- "to bloom" (cf. Skt. andhas "herb," Armenian and "field," M.Ir. ainder "young girl," Welsh anner "young cow").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
anther   (ān'thər)  Pronunciation Key 
The pollen-bearing part at the upper end of the stamen of a flower. Most anthers occur at the tip of a slender, stemlike filament and have two lobes. Each lobe contains two pollen sacs. When pollen matures in the pollen sacs, the lobes of the anthers burst open in the process known as dehiscence to release the pollen. See more at flower.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The referendum is coming up and there is little doubt of anther thrashing of the right.
Tenure, as anther poster mentioned, removes all incentive to continue to grow and learn.
It is going to be anther great lost skill, the practice of which gives great pleasure.
Diploid and tetraploid barley stocks were used as donors for anther culture.
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