a mineral coal containing little of the volatile hydrocarbons and burning almost without flame; hard coal.
Also called anthracite coal.

1810–15; probably < French < Latin (Pliny) anthracītis kind of coal. See anthrac-, -ite1

anthracitic [an-thruh-sit-ik] , anthracitous [an-thruh-sahy-tuhs] , adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
anthracite (ˈænθrəˌsaɪt)
Also called: hard coal a hard jet-black coal that burns slowly with a nonluminous flame giving out intense heat. Fixed carbon content: 86--98 per cent; calorific value: 3.14 × 107--3.63 × 107 J/kg
[C19: from Latin anthracītes type of bloodstone, from Greek anthrakitēs coal-like, from anthrax coal, anthrax]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

"non-bituminous coal," 1812, earlier (c.1600) a type of ruby-like gem described by Pliny, from L. anthracites "bloodstone, semi-precious gem," from Gk. anthrakites "coal-like," from anthrax (gen. anthrakos) "live coal" (see anthrax).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
anthracite  [%PREMIUM_LINK%]     (ān'thrə-sīt')  Pronunciation Key 
A hard, shiny coal that has a high carbon content. It is valued as a fuel because it burns with a clean flame and without smoke or odor, but it is much less abundant than bituminous coal. Compare bituminous coal, lignite.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Rank is the degree of progressive alteration in the transformation from lignite to anthracite.
Then oil and gas replaced anthracite as premier home heating fuels.
Anthracite mining uses methods and systems that rely on manual labor with little or no mechanization.
Anthracite is used principally for heating homes and in the production of natural gas.
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