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antiphon

[an-tuh-fon] /ˈæn təˌfɒn/
noun
1.
a verse or song to be chanted or sung in response.
2.
Ecclesiastical.
  1. a psalm, hymn, or prayer sung in alternate parts.
  2. a verse or a series of verses sung as a prelude or conclusion to some part of the service.
Origin of antiphon
1490-1500
1490-1500; < Medieval Latin antiphōna responsive singing < Greek () antíphōna, neuter plural of antíphōnos sounding in answer, equivalent to anti- anti- + phōn() sound + -os adj. suffix. Cf. anthem
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for antiphon

antiphon

/ˈæntɪfən/
noun
1.
a short passage, usually from the Bible, recited or sung as a response after certain parts of a liturgical service
2.
a psalm, hymn, etc, chanted or sung in alternate parts
3.
any response or answer
Word Origin
C15: from Late Latin antiphōna sung responses, from Late Greek, plural of antiphōnon (something) responsive, from antiphōnos, from anti- + phōnē sound
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for antiphon
n.

c.1500, "a versicle sung responsively," from Middle French antiphone "hymn" or directly from Medieval Latin antiphona, from Greek antiphona, from anti- "over against" (see anti-) + phone "voice" (see fame (n.)). A re-adoption of the word which had become anthem in English and lost its original meaning.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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