noun Pathology.
loss of voice, especially due to an organic or functional disturbance of the vocal organs.

1770–80; < Neo-Latin < Greek: speechlessness. See a-6, phon-, -ia

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World English Dictionary
aphonia or aphony (əˈfəʊnɪə, ˈæfənɪ)
loss of the voice caused by damage to the vocal tract
[C18: via New Latin from Greek, from a-1 + phōnē sound, voice]
aphony or aphony
[C18: via New Latin from Greek, from a-1 + phōnē sound, voice]

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Word Origin & History

"want of voice, loss of voice, having no sound," 1719, from Mod.L. aphonia, from Gk. aphonia "speechlessness," noun of quality from aphonos "voiceless," from a-, privative prefix, + phone "voice" (see fame). Less-common Anglicized form aphony is attested from 1827.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

aphonia a·pho·ni·a (ā-fō'nē-ə)
Loss of the voice resulting from disease, injury to the vocal cords, or psychological causes, such as hysteria.

a·phon'ic (ā-fŏn'ĭk, ā-fō'nĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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Example sentences
Patients with whispering aphonia or complete aphonia will not be included.
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