apology

[uh-pol-uh-jee]
noun, plural apologies.
1.
a written or spoken expression of one's regret, remorse, or sorrow for having insulted, failed, injured, or wronged another: He demanded an apology from me for calling him a crook.
2.
a defense, excuse, or justification in speech or writing, as for a cause or doctrine.
3.
(initial capital letter, italics) a dialogue by Plato, centering on Socrates' defense before the tribunal that condemned him to death.
4.
an inferior specimen or substitute; makeshift: The tramp wore a sad apology for a hat.

Origin:
1400–50; earlier apologie, late Middle English apologe (< Middle French) < Late Latin apologia < Greek; see apologia

reapology, noun, plural reapologies.
superapology, noun, plural superapologies.


2. vindication. See excuse.
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World English Dictionary
apology (əˈpɒlədʒɪ)
 
n , pl -gies
1.  an oral or written expression of regret or contrition for a fault or failing
2.  a poor substitute or offering
3.  another word for apologia
 
[C16: from Old French apologie, from Late Latin apologia, from Greek: a verbal defence, from apo- + logos speech]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

apology
1530s, "defense, justification," from L.L. apologia, from Gk. apologia "a speech in defense," from apologeisthai "to speak in one's defense," from apologos "an account, story," from apo- "from, off" (see apo-) + logos "speech." The original English sense of "self-justification"
yielded a meaning "frank expression of regret for wrong done," first recorded 1590s, but it was not the main sense until 18c. The old sense tends to emerge in Latin form apologia (first attested 1784), especially since J.H. Newman's "Apologia pro Vita Sua" (1864).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Sent apology email offering public self-evisceration.
Sometimes that rejection was in the form of regret or apology.
This jewel of a book reveals the many facets of the simple act of apology.
They would send a note of apology next day.
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