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Appalachian

[ap-uh-ley-chee-uh n, -chuh n, -lach-ee-uh n, lach-uh n] /ˌæp əˈleɪ tʃi ən, -tʃən, -ˈlætʃ i ən, ˈlætʃ ən/
adjective
1.
of or pertaining to the Appalachian Mountains.
2.
of or pertaining to the region of Appalachia, its inhabitants, or their culture.
3.
Geology. of or pertaining to the orogeny and accompanying intrusion that occurred in eastern North America during the Pennsylvanian and Permian periods.
noun
4.
a native or inhabitant of Appalachia, especially one of predominantly Scotch-Irish, English, or German ancestry who exemplifies the characteristic cultural traditions of this region.

Appalachian Mountains

plural noun
1.
a mountain range in E North America, extending from S Quebec province to N Alabama. Highest peak, Mt. Mitchell, 6684 feet (2037 meters).
Also called Appalachians.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Appalachian

Appalachian Mountains

plural noun
1.
a mountain system of E North America, extending from Quebec province in Canada to central Alabama in the US: contains rich deposits of anthracite, bitumen, and iron ore. Highest peak: Mount Mitchell, 2038 m (6684 ft)

Appalachian

/ˌæpəˈleɪtʃɪən/
adjective
1.
of, from, or relating to the Appalachian Mountains
2.
(geology) of or relating to an episode of mountain building in the late Palaeozoic era during which the Appalachian Mountains were formed
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Appalachian

in reference to the North American mountain range, c.1600, Mountaynes Apalatsi; written apalachen by Spanish explorers and originally in reference only to the southern end of the range. Originally the name of the Apalachee, a Muskogean people of northwestern Florida, perhaps from Apalachee abalahci "other side of the river" or Hitchiti (Muskogean) apalwahči "dwelling on one side." Spelling shifted under influence of adjectives in -ian.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Appalachian in Culture
Appalachian Mountains [(ap-uh-lay-chuhn, ap-uh-lach-uhn)]

Mountain chain in the eastern United States, extending from the valley of the St. Lawrence River in Quebec, Canada, to the coastal plain of the Gulf of Mexico in Alabama.

Note: Location of the Appalachian Trail, the world's longest continuous hiking path. It extends over two thousand miles from Maine to Georgia.
Note: Historically, the Appalachian Mountains were a barrier to early western expansion. In the early 1840s, railroads began to transport settlers across the mountains, permitting access to the frontier.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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