appanage

appanage

[ap-uh-nij]
noun
1.
land or some other source of revenue assigned for the maintenance of a member of the family of a ruling house.
2.
whatever belongs rightfully or appropriately to one's rank or station in life.
3.
a natural or necessary accompaniment; adjunct.
Also, apanage.


Origin:
1595–1605; < Middle French, Old French apanage, apeinaige, equivalent to apan(er) to endow (a younger son or daughter) with a maintenance (< Medieval Latin appānāre; ap- ap-1 + -pānāre, verbal derivative of Latin pānis bread; compare Old Provençal apanar to nourish) + -age -age

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World English Dictionary
appanage or apanage (ˈæpənɪdʒ)
 
n
1.  land or other provision granted by a king for the support of a member of the royal family, esp a younger son
2.  a natural or customary accompaniment or perquisite, as to a job or position
 
[C17: from Old French, from Medieval Latin appānāgium, from appānāre to provide for, from Latin pānis bread]
 
apanage or apanage
 
n
 
[C17: from Old French, from Medieval Latin appānāgium, from appānāre to provide for, from Latin pānis bread]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

appanage
c.1600, from Fr. apanage, from apaner "to endow with means of subsistence," from M.L. appanare "equip with bread," from ad- "to" + panis "bread." Originally, provisions made for younger children of royalty. The double -p- restored in French 15c.-16c., in English 17c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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