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appanage

[ap-uh-nij] /ˈæp ə nɪdʒ/
noun
1.
land or some other source of revenue assigned for the maintenance of a member of the family of a ruling house.
2.
whatever belongs rightfully or appropriately to one's rank or station in life.
3.
a natural or necessary accompaniment; adjunct.
Also, apanage.
Origin
1595-1605
1595-1605; < Middle French, Old French apanage, apeinaige, equivalent to apan(er) to endow (a younger son or daughter) with a maintenance (< Medieval Latin appānāre; ap- ap-1 + -pānāre, verbal derivative of Latin pānis bread; compare Old Provençal apanar to nourish) + -age -age
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for appanage

appanage

/ˈæpənɪdʒ/
noun
1.
land or other provision granted by a king for the support of a member of the royal family, esp a younger son
2.
a natural or customary accompaniment or perquisite, as to a job or position
Word Origin
C17: from Old French, from Medieval Latin appānāgium, from appānāre to provide for, from Latin pānis bread
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for appanage
n.

c.1600, from French apanage (13c.), from apaner "to endow with means of subsistence," from Medieval Latin appanare "equip with bread," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + panis "bread" (see food). Originally, provisions made for younger children of royalty. The double -p- restored in French 15c.-16c., in English 17c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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