appendage

[uh-pen-dij]
noun
1.
a subordinate part attached to something; an auxiliary part; addition.
2.
Anatomy, Zoology. any member of the body diverging from the axial trunk.
3.
Botany, Mycology. any subsidiary part superadded to another part.
4.
a person in a subordinate or dependent position, especially a servile or parasitic follower.

Origin:
1640–50; append + -age

appendaged, adjective
unappendaged, adjective
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World English Dictionary
appendage (əˈpɛndɪdʒ)
 
n
1.  an ancillary or secondary part attached to a main part; adjunct
2.  zoology any organ that projects from the trunk of animals such as arthropods
3.  botany any subsidiary part of a plant, such as a branch or leaf

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

appendage
1640s, from append (q.v.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

appendage ap·pend·age (ə-pěn'dĭj)
n.
A part or organ attached to a main structure and subordinate in function or size.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
As the golden appendage proves, they also know a little something about
  accessorizing.
But for all kinds of technical legal reasons, that appendage was at the centre
  of the case.
After seven hours of surgery, the appendage was successfully reattached.
Let go and it clamps shut, forming a solidly-joined appendage that works as a
  kickstand.
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