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Aramaic

[ar-uh-mey-ik] /ˌær əˈmeɪ ɪk/
noun
1.
Also, Aramean, Aramaean. a northwest Semitic language that from c300 b.c.–a.d. 650 was a lingua franca for nearly all of SW Asia and was the everyday speech of Syria, Mesopotamia, and Palestine.
Abbreviation: Aram.
adjective
2.
pertaining to Aram, or to the languages spoken there.
3.
noting or pertaining to the alphabetical, or perhaps syllabic, script used for the writing of Aramaic from about the ninth century b.c. and from which were derived the Hebrew, Arabic, Armenian, Pahlavi, Uighor, and many other scripts, probably including Brahmi.
Origin
1825-1835
1825-35; < Greek aramaî(os) of Aram + -ic, modeled on Hebraic

Aramean

[ar-uh-mee-uh n] /ˌær əˈmi ən/
noun
1.
a Semite of the division associated with Aram.
2.
Aramaic (def 1).
Also, Aramaean.
Origin
1825-35; < Latin Aramae(us) (< Greek aramaîos of Aram) + -an
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for aramaean

Aramaean

/ˌærəˈmiːən/
adjective
1.
of or relating to Aram (the biblical name for ancient Syria)
noun
2.
a native or inhabitant of Aram

Aramaic

/ˌærəˈmeɪɪk/
noun
1.
an ancient language of the Middle East, still spoken in parts of Syria and the Lebanon, belonging to the NW Semitic subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic family. Originally the speech of Aram, in the 5th century bc it spread to become the lingua franca of the Persian empire See also Biblical Aramaic
adjective
2.
of, relating to, or using this language
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for aramaean

Aramaic

northern branch of Semitic language group, 1834, from biblical land of Aram, roughly corresponding to modern Syria; probably related to Hebrew and Aramaic rum "to be high," thus originally "highland."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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