a combining form meaning “ancient,” used in the formation of compound words: archaeopteryx; archaeology.
Also, archeo-.

< Greek, combining form of archaîos, equivalent to arch- (see archi-) + -aios adj. suffix Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
archaeo- or archeo-
combining form
1.  indicating ancient or primitive time or condition: archaeology; archaeopteryx
2.  of, involving, or denoting the study of remains from archaeological sites: archaeozoology
[from Greek arkhaio-, from arkhaios, from arkhein to begin]
archeo- or archeo-
combining form
[from Greek arkhaio-, from arkhaios, from arkhein to begin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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