an abstract phonological unit consisting of the distinctive features common to two phonemes that differ only in that one has a distinctive feature lacking in the other. The archiphoneme is said to be realized when in a certain position an otherwise phonemic opposition is neutralized; thus, in German, while p
are separate phonemes differing only in the distinctive feature of voicing, in final position the voicing or unvoicing of the labial stop is nondistinctive, and the p- sound
“body” may be called the realization of the archiphoneme.
such a unit occurring in a position where the contrast between two or more phonemes is neutralized.
< German Archiphonem
or < French archiphonème,
term first used by R. Jakobson in 1929; see archi-