archive

[ahr-kahyv]
noun
1.
Usually, archives. documents or records relating to the activities, business dealings, etc., of a person, family, corporation, association, community, or nation.
2.
archives, a place where public records or other historical documents are kept.
3.
any extensive record or collection of data: The encyclopedia is an archive of world history. The experience was sealed in the archive of her memory.
4.
Digital Technology.
a.
a long-term storage device, as a disk or magnetic tape, or a computer directory or folder that contains copies of files for backup or future reference.
b.
a collection of digital data stored in this way.
c.
a computer file containing one or more compressed files.
d.
a collection of information permanently stored on the Internet: The magazine has its entire archive online, from 1923 to the present.
verb (used with object), archived, archiving.
5.
to place or store in an archive: to vote on archiving the city's historic documents.
6.
Digital Technology. to compress (computer files) and store them in a single file.

Origin:
1595–1605; orig., as plural < French archives < Latin archī(v)a < Greek archeîa, orig. plural of archeîon public office, equivalent to arch() magistracy, office + -eion suffix of place

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World English Dictionary
archive (ˈɑːkaɪv)
 
n
1.  a collection of records of or about an institution, family, etc
2.  a place where such records are kept
3.  computing data transferred to a tape or disk for long-term storage rather than frequent use
 
vb
4.  to store (documents, data, etc) in an archive or other repository
 
[C17: from Late Latin archīvum, from Greek arkheion repository of official records, from arkhē government]
 
ar'chival
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

archives
c.1600, from Fr. archif (16c.), from L.L. archivum (sing.), from Gk. ta arkheia "public records," pl. of arkheion "town hall," from arkhe "government," lit. "beginning, origin, first place" (see archon). Related: Archival (1847).

archive
1934, from archives (q.v.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
They went through archives and specimen collections.
The archives have no doubt been weeded during their years of storage.
His archives were the easiest content to launch with, so that's where they
  started.
If that really happened, it does sound pretty scandalous, regardless of the row
  about the archives.
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