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archon

[ahr-kon] /ˈɑr kɒn/
noun
1.
a higher magistrate in ancient Athens.
2.
any ruler.
Origin
1650-1660
1650-60; < Greek árchōn magistrate, ruler, noun use of present participle of árchein to be first, rule; see archi-
Related forms
archonship, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for archon

archon

/ˈɑːkɒn; -kən/
noun
1.
(in ancient Athens) one of the nine chief magistrates
Derived Forms
archonship, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Greek arkhōn ruler, from arkhein to rule
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for archon
n.

one of the nine chief magistrates of ancient Athens, 1650s, from Greek arkhon "ruler," noun use of present participle of arkhein "to rule," from PIE *arkhein- "to begin, rule, command," a "Gk. verb of unknown origin, but showing archaic Indo-European features ... with derivatives arkhe, 'rule, beginning,' and arkhos, 'ruler' " [Watkins].

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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