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Argus

[ahr-guh s] /ˈɑr gəs/
noun
1.
Classical Mythology. a giant with 100 eyes, set to guard the heifer Io: his eyes were transferred after his death to the peacock's tail.
2.
a son of Phrixus and builder of the Argo.
3.
(in the Odyssey) Odysseus' faithful dog, who recognized his master after twenty years and immediately died.
4.
any observant or vigilant person; a watchful guardian.
5.
(lowercase). Also, argus pheasant. any of several brilliantly marked Malayan pheasants of the Argusianus or Rheinardia genera.
Origin
< Latin < Greek Árgos, derivative of argós bright, shining

Argo

[ahr-goh] /ˈɑr goʊ/
noun, genitive Argus
[ahr-guh s] /ˈɑr gəs/ (Show IPA),
for 1.
1.
Astronomy. a very large southern constellation, now divided into Vela, Carina, Puppis, and Pyxis, four separate constellations lying largely south of Canis Major.
2.
(italics) Classical Mythology. the ship in which Jason sailed in quest of the Golden Fleece.
Related forms
Argoan, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Argus

argus

/ˈɑːɡəs/
noun
1.
any of various brown butterflies, esp the Scotch argus (Erebia aethiops) found on moorland and in forests up to a height of 2000 m

Argus

/ˈɑːɡəs/
noun
1.
(Greek myth) a giant with a hundred eyes who was made guardian of the heifer Io. After he was killed by Hermes his eyes were transferred to the peacock's tail
2.
a vigilant person; guardian

Argo1

/ˈɑːɡəʊ/
noun
1.
(Greek myth) the ship in which Jason sailed in search of the Golden Fleece

Argo2

/ˈɑːɡəʊ/
noun (Latin genitive) Argus (ˈɑːɡəs)
1.
an extensive constellation in the S hemisphere now subdivided into the smaller constellations of Puppis, Vela, Carina, and Pyxis Also called Argo Navis (ˈneɪvɪs)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Argus
Argo
name of the ship in which Jason and his companions sought the Fleece in Colchis, in Gk., lit. "The Swift," from argos "swift" (adj.), also "shining, bright" (see argent; cf. also Skt. cognate rjrah "shining, glowing, bright," also "swift").
Argus
hundred-eyed giant of Gk. mythology, late 14c., from L., from Gk. Argos, lit. "the bright one," from argos "shining, bright" (see argent). His epithet was Panoptes "all-eyes." After his death, Hera transferred his eyes to the peacock's tail. Used in figurative sense of "very vigilant person."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Argus in Culture

Argus definition


A creature in classical mythology who had a hundred eyes. Hera set him to watch over Io, a girl who had been seduced by Zeus and then turned into a cow; with Argus on guard, Zeus could not come to rescue Io, for only some of Argus' eyes would be closed in sleep at any one time. Hermes, working on Zeus' behalf, played music that put all the eyes to sleep and then killed Argus. Hera put his eyes in the tail of the peacock.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Argus in Technology
language
A successor to CLU, from LCS at MIT. Argus supports distributed programming through guardians (like monitors, but can be created dynamically) and atomic actions (indivisible activity). It also has cobegin and coend.
["Argus Reference Manual", B. Liskov et al., TR-400, MIT/LCS, 1987].
["Guardians and Actions: Linguistic Support for Robust, Distributed Programs", B. Liskov et al, TOPLAS 5(3):381-404 (1983)].
(1995-12-28)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Encyclopedia Article for Argus

figure in Greek legend described variously as the son of Inachus, Agenor, or Arestor or as an aboriginal hero (autochthon). His byname derives from the hundred eyes in his head or all over his body, as he is often depicted on Athenian red-figure pottery from the late 6th century BC. Argus was appointed by the goddess Hera to watch the cow into which Io (Hera's priestess) had been transformed, but he was slain by Hermes, who is called Argeiphontes, "Slayer of Argus," in the Homeric poems. Argus's eyes were transferred by Hera to the tail of the peacock. His fate is mentioned in a number of Greek tragedies from the 5th century BC-including two by Aeschylus, Suppliants and Prometheus Bound, and Euripides' Phoenician Women-and the Latin poet Ovid's Metamorphoses from the 1st century AD

Learn more about Argus with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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