argyle

[ahr-gahyl] (often initial capital letter)
adjective
1.
(of knitted articles) having a diamond-shaped pattern in two or more colors.
noun
2.
a diamond-shaped pattern of two or more colors, used in knitting socks, sweaters, etc.
3.
a sock having this pattern.

Origin:
1790–1800; variant of Argyll; so called because orig. patterned after the tartan of this clan

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World English Dictionary
argyle (ɑːˈɡaɪl)
 
adj
1.  made of knitted or woven material with a diamond-shaped pattern of two or more colours
 
n
2.  (often plural) a sock made of this
 
[C20: after Campbell of Argyle (Argyll), the pattern being an adaptation of the tartan of this clan]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Argyle
"diamond-shaped pattern of two or more colors in fabric," said to be so called from similarity to tartans worn by Campbell clan of Argyll, Scotland. The place name is lit. "land of the Gaels," from O.Ir. airer "country."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The glossy argyle of bronze and charcoal lies unscathed.
He wore an argyle sweater, a blue canvas blazer, and a face mask against the
  tear gas.
She was ravishing in her tailored jackets and argyle socks.
He's agoraphobic and argyle-phobic, which means he's afraid of argyle socks.
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