# arithmetic

[noun uh-rith-muh-tik; adjective ar-ith-met-ik] /noun əˈrɪθ mə tɪk; adjective ˌær ɪθˈmɛt ɪk/
noun
1.
the method or process of computation with figures: the most elementary branch of mathematics.
2.
Also called higher arithmetic, theoretical arithmetic. the theory of numbers; the study of the divisibility of whole numbers, the remainders after division, etc.
3.
a book on this subject.
4.
Also, arithmetical. of or relating to arithmetic.
Origin of arithmetic
1200-1250
1200-50; < Latin arithmētica, feminine singular of arithmēticus < Greek arithmētikḗ (téchnē) (art, skill) of numbers, equivalent to arithmé(ein) to reckon + -t(o)- verbal adjective + -ikḗ -ic; replacing Middle English arsmet(r)ike < Old French arismetique < Medieval Latin arismētica, with s for Late Greek th
Related forms
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for arithmetic
Contemporary Examples

January 9, 2013
• The arithmetic of bombing is just that remorseless, leading to the novel's most famous joke: "People are trying to kill me."

December 28, 2012
• Of course, the arithmetic has become much crueler since the Clinton administration.

May 18, 2011
• This is what happens when you let your gut do arithmetic for you.

November 12, 2012
• “The president has promised to change the arithmetic,” says Rothenberg.

Historical Examples
• However, just then her class in arithmetic was called, so that she had no more time to be puzzled.

Dorothy Canfield
• He was hemmed in on one side by physics, and on the other by arithmetic.

Joseph P. Martino
• He was afterwards removed to another, where he learned writing and arithmetic.

W.H.G. Kingston and Henry Frith
• This singular procedure was called, at the time, "Dutch arithmetic."

Emile Cammaerts
• He accordingly changed his first purpose, and sent Benjamin to a school for writing and arithmetic, kept by Mr. George Brownwell.

Samuel G. Goodrich
British Dictionary definitions for arithmetic

## arithmetic

/əˈrɪθmətɪk/
noun
1.
the branch of mathematics concerned with numerical calculations, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
2.
one or more calculations involving numerical operations
3.
knowledge of or skill in using arithmetic: his arithmetic is good
4.
of, relating to, or using arithmetic
Derived Forms
arithmetician, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Latin arithmētica, from Greek arithmētikē, from arithmein to count, from arithmos number
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
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Word Origin and History for arithmetic
n.

mid-13c., arsmetike, from Old French arsmetique (12c.), from Latin arithmetica, from Greek arithmetike (tekhne) "(the) counting (art)," fem. of arithmetikos "of or for reckoning, arithmetical," from arithmos "number, counting, amount," from PIE root *re(i)- "to reason, count" (cf. Old English, Old High German rim "number;" Old Irish rim "number," dorimu "I count;" Latin ritus "religious custom;" see read).

Originally in English also arsmetrik, on folk etymology from Medieval Latin ars metrica; spelling corrected early 16c. Replaced native tælcræft, literally "tell-craft."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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arithmetic in Science
 arithmetic   (ə-rĭth'mĭ-tĭk)    The mathematics of integers, rational numbers, real numbers, or complex numbers under the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
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### Difficulty index for arithmetic

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### Word Value for arithmetic

17
18
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