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armour

[ahr-mer] /ˈɑr mər/
noun, Chiefly British
1.
Usage note
See -our.

Armour

[ahr-mer] /ˈɑr mər/
noun
1.
Philip Danforth
[dan-fawrth,, -fohrth] /ˈdæn fɔrθ,, -foʊrθ/ (Show IPA),
1832–1901, U.S. meat-packing industrialist.

armor

[ahr-mer] /ˈɑr mər/
noun
1.
any covering worn as a defense against weapons.
2.
a suit of armor.
3.
a metallic sheathing or protective covering, especially metal plates, used on warships, armored vehicles, airplanes, and fortifications.
4.
mechanized units of military forces, as armored divisions.
5.
Also called armament. any protective covering, as on certain animals, insects, or plants.
6.
any quality, characteristic, situation, or thing that serves as protection:
A chilling courtesy was his only armor.
7.
the outer, protective wrapping of metal, usually fine, braided steel wires, on a cable.
verb (used with object)
8.
to cover or equip with armor or armor plate.
Origin of armor
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English armo(u)r, armure < Anglo-French armour(e), armure Old French armëure < Latin armātūra armature; assimilated, in Middle English and Anglo-French, to nouns ending in -our -or2
Related forms
armorless, adjective
antiarmor, adjective
subarmor, noun
Can be confused
amour, armoire, armor.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for armour
British Dictionary definitions for armour

armour

/ˈɑːmə/
noun
1.
any defensive covering, esp that of metal, chain mail, etc, worn by medieval warriors to prevent injury to the body in battle
2.
the protective metal plates on a tank, warship, etc
3.
(military) armoured fighting vehicles in general; military units equipped with these
4.
any protective covering, such as the shell of certain animals
5.
(nautical) the watertight suit of a diver
6.
(engineering) permanent protection for an underwater structure
7.
heraldic insignia; arms
verb
8.
(transitive) to equip or cover with armour
Word Origin
C13: from Old French armure, from Latin armātūra armour, equipment

armor

/ˈɑːmə/
noun
1.
the US spelling of armour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for armour

chiefly British English spelling of armor (q.v.); for suffix, see -or.

armor

n.

c.1300, "mail, defensive covering worn in combat," also "means of protection," from Old French armeure "weapons, armor" (12c.), from Latin armatura "arms, equipment," from arma "arms, gear" (see arm (n.2)). Figurative use from mid-14c.

Meaning "military equipment generally," especially siege engines, is late 14c. The word might have died with jousting if not for late 19c. transference to metal-shielded machinery beginning with U.S. Civil War ironclads (first attested in this sense in an 1855 report from the U.S. Congressional Committee on Naval Affairs).

v.

mid-15c., from armor (n.). Related: Armored; armoring.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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armour in the Bible

is employed in the English Bible to denote military equipment, both offensive and defensive. (1.) The offensive weapons were different at different periods of history. The "rod of iron" (Ps. 2:9) is supposed to mean a mace or crowbar, an instrument of great power when used by a strong arm. The "maul" (Prov. 25:18; cognate Hebrew word rendered "battle-axe" in Jer. 51:20, and "slaughter weapon" in Ezek. 9:2) was a war-hammer or martel. The "sword" is the usual translation of _hereb_, which properly means "poniard." The real sword, as well as the dirk-sword (which was always double-edged), was also used (1 Sam. 17:39; 2 Sam. 20:8; 1 Kings 20:11). The spear was another offensive weapon (Josh. 8:18; 1 Sam. 17:7). The javelin was used by light troops (Num. 25:7, 8; 1 Sam. 13:22). Saul threw a javelin at David (1 Sam. 19:9, 10), and so virtually absolved him from his allegiance. The bow was, however, the chief weapon of offence. The arrows were carried in a quiver, the bow being always unbent till the moment of action (Gen. 27:3; 48:22; Ps. 18:34). The sling was a favourite weapon of the Benjamites (1 Sam. 17:40; 1 Chr. 12:2. Comp. 1 Sam. 25:29). (2.) Of the defensive armour a chief place is assigned to the shield or buckler. There were the great shield or target (the _tzinnah_), for the protection of the whole person (Gen. 15:1; Ps. 47:9; 1 Sam. 17:7; Prov. 30:5), and the buckler (Heb. _mageen_) or small shield (1 Kings 10:17; Ezek. 26:8). In Ps. 91:4 "buckler" is properly a roundel appropriated to archers or slingers. The helmet (Ezek. 27:10; 1 Sam. 17:38), a covering for the head; the coat of mail or corselet (1 Sam. 17:5), or habergeon (Neh. 4;16), harness or breat-plate (Rev. 9:9), for the covering of the back and breast and both upper arms (Isa. 59:17; Eph. 6:14). The cuirass and corselet, composed of leather or quilted cloth, were also for the covering of the body. Greaves, for the covering of the legs, were worn in the time of David (1 Sam. 17:6). Reference is made by Paul (Eph. 6:14-17) to the panoply of a Roman soldier. The shield here is the thureon, a door-like oblong shield above all, i.e., covering the whole person, not the small round shield. There is no armour for the back, but only for the front.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with armour
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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