arquebus

[ahr-kwuh-buhs]
noun, plural arquebuses.
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World English Dictionary
arquebus or harquebus (ˈɑːkwɪbəs)
 
n
hackbut, Also called: hagbut a portable long-barrelled gun dating from the 15th century: fired by a wheel-lock or matchlock
 
[C16: via Old French harquebuse from Middle Dutch hakebusse, literally: hook gun, from the shape of the butt, from hake hook + busse box, gun, from Late Latin busis box]
 
harquebus or harquebus
 
n
 
[C16: via Old French harquebuse from Middle Dutch hakebusse, literally: hook gun, from the shape of the butt, from hake hook + busse box, gun, from Late Latin busis box]

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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

arquebus

first gun fired from the shoulder, a smoothbore matchlock with a stock resembling that of a rifle. The harquebus was invented in Spain in the mid-15th century. It was often fired from a support, against which the recoil was transferred from a hook on the gun. Its name seems to derive from German words meaning "hooked gun." The bore varied, and its effective range was less than 650 feet (200 m). The harquebus was superseded by the larger musket (q.v.) in the mid-16th century.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Together they had fled south in the night with five horses and an arquebus.
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